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Carol

Type:  

Structure, Metrical Requirement, Rhyme Scheme Requirement, Other Requirement, Stanzaic

 
Description: 

Carols started out as a form of singing circular folk dance. Plato inveighed against their ancestors, so there must be something good about them.

Carols do vary widely in form, especially these days, but back around the 15th century, they were more standardized.

A carol started out with a "burden" or short chorus. This was usually a rhymed couplet. That was followed by verses that were often short-lined quatrains with rhyme of bbba. The last lines of the quatrains were sometimes a foot or so shorter than the other three. The burden might appear as a chorus between verses, or it might be used as two refrains that appeared as the last line of the verses. There were many variations, but this covers the basics.

 
Schematic: 
The pattern of burden and verse might look like this:

xxxxxxxa
xxxxxxxa

xxxxxxxb
xxxxxxxb
xxxxxxxb
xxxxxa
 
Rhythm/Stanza Length: 

4

 
See Also:  

Dansa, Villancico, Villancico II

 
Status: 

Incomplete

 

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